Most black Americans love saying the government owes black folks "40 Acres And A Mule". It's said in just about every conversation about black American reparations, or just about any conversation relative to black American economics. Yet, most black Americans have no idea where the concept came from.
First, let me clear something up for all the "WOKE" folks and "HOTEP" people... The term 40 acres and a mule is a misnomer. The actual language is Special Field Orders No 15. The question then becomes where did this Order originate? Special Field Orders No. 15 originated from an intense study of what newly freed black Americans wanted as a form of reparations. On January 12, 1865, President Abraham Lincoln sent his Secretary of War, Mr. Edwin M. Stanton and General William T. Sherman to Savannah, Georgia to find out what newly freed slaves wanted as a form of reparations for slavery.
Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton, General William T. Sherman, and other generals met with about 20 black American leaders, all of whom were black American ministers. 16 of these leaders were formerly enslaved.
The 20 black American ministers chose Rev. Garrison Frazier to be their spokesperson at the meeting. Rev. Garrison Frazier was born into slavery in 1797, in Granville County, N.C. In 1856 he purchased freedom for himself and his wife for $1,000 in gold and silver. Rev. Garrison Frazier went on to serve as a Baptist minister for 35 years.
Rev. Garrison Frazier told Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton, General William T. Sherman and other Union Army generals, this: "We want to be placed on land until we are able to buy it and make it our own!"
About 4 or 5 days after the meeting, Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton and General William T. Sherman issued Special Field Orders No. 15, which granted land to black Americans in the south. The land granted was from Plantations in the rice countries which had been abandoned by white slave owners during the Civil War. 400,000 acres was given to blacks as theirs in accordance to Special Field Orders No. 15.
At the time of Special Field Orders No. 15, there were 4 million blacks freed from slavery in the South. This is the land that was given: Northern part of South Carolina through Georgia, and parts of Florida extending into the coast and Islands.
Later a separate Order was given that allowed freed blacks to have broken down mules used in the Civil War to help till their acres, thus the saying 40 Acres and a Mule, nevertheless, it wasn't given at the same time. The mule came a bit later after the 40 acres.
One of the Baptist ministers who attended the aforementioned meeting, Rev. Ulysses L. Houston led 1,000 blacks into Skidaway Island, Georgia where they established a community with Rev. Houston as the "black governor".
After the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln (April 15, 1865), his successor, President Andrew Johnson a Confederate sympathizer, revoked Special Field Orders No. 15, and gave just about all the land back to previous slave owners.
As we further discuss Reparations for black Americans we must consider several questions, and attempt to understand history relative to what was given and what was taken. We must keep in mind Special Field Orders No. 15 only included land in the South where slavery was ended by Civil War as mentioned above. Special Field Orders No. 15 did not include land for blacks in FREE states or states that hadn't succeeded from the Union.
2019 black Reparations questions:
⇨ Should repeat gun offenders receive reparations?
⇨ Should rapists and/or all sex offenders receive reparations?
⇨ Should descendants of FREE blacks receive reparations?
⇨ Should descendants of blacks who once owned slaves (outside of their relatives) receive reparations?
⇨ Should the United States, which was founded (July 4, 1776) pay for reparations from its founding 1776 to 1865? Or should the United States pay for reparations beginning at 1619 to 1865?
⇨ Should reparations be one big lump sum to each family? Or should reparations strictly be paid student loan debt and free college?
⇨ Should reparations only be for blacks who are according to DNA test 90% black and up?
* Keep in mind: According to Carter G. Woodson
3,776 free blacks owned 12,907 slaves in 1830!
Written By: Jim Allen